Measure the Power of your Engine
Back in 1772, James Watt wanted to compare the power of horse driven machinery with steam machinery.
Over a four hour period, he observed that a “brewery horse” could lift 180 lbs
by turning and coiling rope around a 12 ft radius mill wheel, 144 times per hour.

Multiplying up, that is 32,572 ft lbs per minute.
Presumably coal, or water, was being raised out of a mine shaft.

A year later, 1773, Messrs Watt and Boulton agreed that the horsepower shoud be 33,000 ft lbs per minute.
(Easier to calculate?)

So, the weight was lifted a vertical distance of 2 x pi x Radius x No of revolutions

	and the rate at which Ft lbs of work was done is:
	Weight in lbs x 2 x pi x 12 ft x no of revolutions / minutes taken
	But to convert to HP - divide by 33,000
	HP = Lbs weight x 2 pi Foot Radius x RPM / 33,000
It would be nice if our Stirling engines could make horsepower, but we are not there yet.

There are 746 watts to a horsepower – so it is more convenient to rate our engines in watts.
Converting to kilograms and centimetres, the formula becomes:-

                  Watts = WEIGHT Kg 
                            x DIAMETER cms  
                              x RPM 
                                / 195
Rather than raising weights in a mineshaft, Gaspard de Prony devised his Prony Brake.
Courtesy of action, and its equal and opposite reaction,
a brake clamped to an engine shaft with a lever, will exert force at the end of that lever.

And the force, or weight, can be measured with a scale.

But, if you have yet to catch up with “metric matters”, the Imperial formula is

                Watts = WEIGHT ounces 
                         x RADIUS inches
                           x RPM 
                             x 746
                               / 1 million
(It should be divide by 1,008,405. But I'll divide by 1 million) .......BACK

These re-enactments are from a 1937 Chevrolet film.
Is it actually the man who is pumping the water? Hi

                 THE PRONY BRAKE